If you’ve been looking at various ways to decorate a plain t-shirt, you’ve probably come across practices involving sewing designs with thread into the shirt’s fabric. Two popular methods are tackle twill and embroidery. But what are the differences between tackle twill and embroidery?
Tackle twill, also known as applique, is used to decorate garments such as t-shirts by sewing pieces of fabric, usually in the shapes of letters, onto the garment’s fabric with stitching around the edge. The threads themselves create the design with embroidery, often in multiple colors.
You’ve almost certainly seen both methods of decorating a t-shirt and can quickly tell the difference between them visually. But you may not know what each is called, how they are applied, and the appropriate applications for each method of decorating a t-shirt.
Differences Between Tackle Twill And Embroidery For T-Shirts
Although both tackle twill and embroidery involve creating designs on garments with thread, and thus tackle twill can broadly be considered a form of embroidery, there are significant differences between the two decoration methods.
We will consider each method in turn so that you can understand what each involves, the visual effect they create, and what appropriate uses for each mode of decoration.
Tackle Twill For T-Shirts
Tackle twill, also known as applique, is a type of embroidery wherein custom-cut patches of fabric, also known as appliques, are sewn onto the fabric of garments such as t-shirts and hoodies using a thick border of stitches around the edge of the patches.
The stitching used to sew the appliques on is often contrasting to the color of the patches, creating a strong contrast and distinctive visual effect.
Although it is most often used to apply letters or numbers to garments, any shape can be custom-cut and sewn on.
The patches are made of a tough and durable polyester-twill, hence the term tackle twill for this method of embroidery. This fabric has a distinctive diagonal rib pattern created by the weaving process.
This material is usually applied to the garment first with a heat press and then sewing around the edges.
The durability of the patches and the edge stitching mean that this is a durable method of customizing a garment such as a t-shirt. This durability means that it can withstand heavy physical activity and will last longer than screen printing.
It is also more cost-effective for large designs than regular embroidery, as the fabric patches are simple to set up, cut, and stitch onto apparel, and the stitching counts are lower.
Uses For Tackle Twill On T-Shirts
Sports teams often use tackle twill for the names and numbers on sports jerseys due to its toughness and durability. If you are going to be creating garments for sports teams or their supporters, you will want to add this customization method to your repertoire.
Greek organizations often use tackle twill to decorate apparel with their letters. If you are catering to fraternities and sororities, you will be using tackle twill to customize shirts such as sweatshirts or heavyweight t-shirts in the fall when the big rush of orders floods in.
Schools often use tackle twill for garments such as hoodies to spell out their names.
If you are catering to any of these markets, or if you are going for a sporty or preppy look for your custom apparel, you should consider using tackle twill.
Embroidery For T-Shirts
Embroidery is an ancient art of creating designs on fabric by using threadwork. It has diversified into a variety of different types using different fancy stitches. However, embroidery for t-shirts uses only one type of stitch: satin stitch.
Satin stitch is a simple type of stitch where straight lines are created on the material’s surface. By putting many stitches next to each other, areas of color are formed on the fabric’s surface.
These stitches can be parallel, or they can be at angles to each other to create different visual effects. Essentially, one is painting with thread on fabric to create lettering and designs.
For a fancier design, one can embroider in a single color or multiple colors. It is not limited to creating simple designs such as words; you can also make more complex designs such as a multi-colored picture.
Embroidery is almost always done with a hoop: a clamping device that holds a small section of the fabric taut for the stitching to be done. Even nowadays, with computerized embroidery machines, this is the case.
Embroidery was for a long time done by hand. These days commercial embroidery on apparel is done with computerized machines that can do the work much faster than someone embroidering by hand.
The design can be repeated as many times as you like for bulk orders, just as with printing. Therefore, these computerized embroidery machines have revolutionized embroidery the way the printing press revolutionized the creation of books.
There are also some unique sub-types of embroidery, such as puff embroidery, wherein a puffy filling is used to create the design and then stitched over to create a relief (embossed) effect.
You can either purchase an embroidery machine and do embroidery yourself, or you can get a company to do it for you.
Steps In Creating An Embroidery Design On A T-Shirt
Various steps are involved in creating an embroidery design on a piece of apparel. You (or a commercial company) will:
- Create an embroidery design file for the machine to work from, based on a design you have drawn.
- Proof and edit the design.
- Export the design file to an embroidery file for the specific machine you are using.
- Load the embroidery file into your embroidery machine.
- Mark the embroidery’s location, secure the fabric in a hoop with a stabilizer (backing), and put it onto the machine.
- Place the needle over the design’s start point.
- Set the machine running and monitor it.
- Troubleshoot any problems.
- Remove the completed design from the machine and the hoop.
- Trim the stabilizer and any loose ends.
- Do quality control.
- Ship the completed garment.
Uses For Embroidery On T-Shirts
Embroidery is suited for intricate designs in multiple colors and is often used for logos and monograms. You can also decorate the breast of the T-shirt with a design. Occasionally one sees larger designs, for example, those occupying the entire front of the T-shirt.
It is more expensive than tackle twill, but the intricacy of designs you can create makes it highly suitable for the applications mentioned.
By now, you should clearly understand the differences between tackle twill and embroidery, both in terms of how they are applied to garments such as t-shirts and the applications for which they are suitable.
To sum up: tackle twill is large patches of twill that are cut into the design’s shape and sewn around their edges, whereas embroidery is designs created by manipulating colored thread to create solid areas of color.
Bryan E. Robinson is the owner of TshirtGrowth. He has sold t-shirts since 2006 through dropshipping, screen printing, vinyl printing, DTG, Print on Demand, and more. Bryan has created his own t-shirt designs through Photoshop, Canva, and other platforms, as well as worked with freelancers to create many of his designs. Besides t-shirts, Bryan has 18 years of experience in online marketing with eCommerce, B2B SaaS, B2C products, and more.